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10th European Nephrology Conference, will be organized around the theme “Fostering Innovative Technologies and Contemporary Treatments in Nephrology”
Nephrology Conference 2016 is comprised of 20 tracks and 149 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in Nephrology Conference 2016.
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks. All related abstracts are accepted.
Register now for the conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys and systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems are also studied in nephrology. A physician who has undertaken additional training to become an expert in nephrology may call themselves a nephrologist or renal physician. Kidneys are essential to our health. Kidneys sit just below the rib cage, toward your back.
The kidneys, two bean-shaped organs about the size of a fist, act as a filtering system for the body. Kidneys are the organs that help filter waste products from the blood. They are also involved in regulating blood pressure, electrolyte balance, and red blood cell production in the body. Renal pertaining to the kidney; called also nephric. Renal clearance tests laboratory tests that determine the ability of the kidney to remove certain substances from the blood.
- Track 1-1Integrative nephrology
- Track 1-2Nephrology and andrology
- Track 1-3Critical nephrology
- Track 1-4Biomarkers in nephrology
- Track 1-5Syndromes in nephrology
- Track 1-6Myeloma nephrology
- Track 1-7Strategies of nephrology perspectives
- Track 1-8Advances in nephrology
The cause of chronic kidney disease isn't always known. But any condition or disease that damages blood vessels or other structures in the kidneys can lead to kidney disease. The conditions that can damage the kidneys and cause chronic kidney disease include: Kidney diseases and infections, such as polycystic kidney disease, pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, or a kidney problem you were born with.
Having a narrowed or blocked renal artery. A renal artery carries blood to the kidneys.
Long-term use of medicines that can damage the kidneys. Examples include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as celecoxib and ibuprofen, and certain antibiotics.
- Track 2-1Cell signalling, cell growth control, hormones and cytokines
- Track 2-2Renal development and cystic disease (aetiology)
- Track 2-3Inherited diseases and molecular genetics
- Track 2-4GN – experimental models
- Track 2-5Diabetic nephropathy – experimental models
- Track 2-6Renal Pathology, experimental pathology, including immune and inflammatory mechanisme
- Track 2-7other renal disease-experimental models
Kidney or bladder stones are solid build-ups of crystals made from minerals and proteins found in urine. Bladder diverticulum, enlarged prostate, neurogenic bladder and urinary tract infection can cause an individual to have a greater chance of developing bladder stones. If a kidney stone becomes lodged in the ureter or urethra, it can cause constant severe pain in the back or side, vomiting, hematuria (blood in the urine), fever, or chills.
Bladder stones are hard masses of minerals in your bladder. Bladder stones develop when urine in your bladder becomes concentrated, causing minerals in your urine to crystallize. Concentrated, stagnant urine is often the result of not being able to completely empty your bladder. If bladder stones are small enough, they can pass on their own with no noticeable symptoms. However, once they become larger, bladder stones can cause frequent urges to urinate, painful or difficult urination and hematuria.
Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis): Minerals in urine form crystals (stones), which may grow large enough to block urine flow. It's considered one of the most painful conditions. Most kidney stones pass on their own but some are too large and need to be treated.
- Track 3-1Kidney stones
- Track 3-2Artificial kidney
- Track 3-3Kidney supplements
- Track 3-4Transplant research
Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously called Acute renal failure (ARF), is an abrupt loss of kidney function that develops within 7 days. Acute kidney injury (formerly known as acute renal failure) is a syndrome characterized by the rapid loss of the kidney's excretory function and is typically diagnosed by the accumulation of end products of nitrogen metabolism (urea and creatinine) or decreased urine output, or both. AKI may lead to a number of complications, including metabolic acidosis, high potassium levels, uremia, changes in body fluid balance, and effects on other organ systems, including death. People who have experienced AKI may have an increased risk of chronic kidney disease in the future. Management includes treatment of the underlying cause and supportive care, such as renal replacement therapy.
- Track 4-1Acute kidney diseases
- Track 4-2Acute renal failure – experimental models
- Track 4-3Acute renal failure – diagnosis & management
- Track 4-4Acute tubular necrosis – diagnosis & management
- Track 4-5Pediatric acute tubular necrosis
- Track 4-6Acute glomerulonephritis associated with staphylococcus (optional)
- Track 5-1Cardiovascular complications of CKD
- Track 5-2Chronic kidney disease diagnosis, classification and progression
- Track 5-3Chronic kidney disease self-care at home
- Track 5-4Chronic kidney disease medications and treatment
- Track 5-5Chronic kidney disease prevention and prognosis
- Track 6-1Epidemiology and causes of chronic kidney diseases
- Track 6-2Pyelonephritis and Glomerulonephritis
- Track 6-3AIDS and renal diseases
- Track 6-4Tubulointerstitial renal diseases
- Track 6-5Genetic kidney disease in neonates
Glomerular disease can occur by itself (eg, affecting only the kidney), or may be associated with an underlying medical condition that affects other organ systems, such as lupus, diabetes, or certain infections. Glomerular disease can develop suddenly (called Acute), or develop slowly over a period of years (called Chronic). Treatment of glomerular disease depends upon its cause and type. Many diseases affect kidney function by attacking the glomeruli, the tiny units within the kidney where blood is cleaned. Glomerular diseases include many conditions with a variety of genetic and environmental causes, but they fall into two major categories:
Glomerulonephritis (gloh-MEHR-yoo-loh-nef-RY-tis) describes the inflammation of the membrane tissue in the kidney that serves as a filter, separating wastes and extra fluid from the blood.
Glomerulosclerosis (gloh-MEHR-yoo-loh-skleh-ROH-sis) describes the scarring or hardening of the tiny blood vessels within the kidney.
- Track 7-1Chronic primary glomerulonephritis
- Track 7-2Post Infectious glomerulonephritis
- Track 7-3Idiopathic glomerulonephritis
- Track 7-4Acute, chronic glomerulonephritis
- Track 7-5Environmental causes of glomerular diseases
- Track 7-6Nephrotic syndrome
- Track 7-7Proteinuria
- Track 7-8Primary hyperoxaluria
Renal cell cancer (also called kidney cancer or renal adenocarcinoma) is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the lining of tubules (very small tubes) in the kidney. There are 2 kidneys, one on each side of the backbone, above the waist. Tiny tubules in the kidneys filter and clean the blood. They take out waste products and make urine. The urine passes from each kidney through a long tube called a ureter into the bladder. The bladder holds the urine until it passes through the urethra and leaves the body. Renal cell carcinoma may remain clinically occult for most of its course. Only 10% of patients present with the classic triad of flank pain, hematuria, and flank mass. Surgical resection remains the only known effective treatment for localized renal cell carcinoma, and it is also used for palliation in metastatic disease. Targeted therapy and immunomodulatory agents are considered standard of care in patients with metastatic disease.
Kidney cancer: Renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer affecting the kidney. Smoking is the most common cause of kidney cancer.
- Track 8-1Autosomal polycystic kidney disease
- Track 8-2Renal carcinoma
- Track 8-3Cystic diseases of the Kidney
- Track 8-4 Fabry disease
- Track 8-5 Sickle cell nephropathy
- Track 8-6Acquired cystic kidney disease
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a leading cause of disease and kidney failure (end-stage renal disease). Renal hypertension, also called Reno vascular hypertension, is elevated blood pressure caused by kidney disease. It can usually be controlled by blood pressure drugs. Some people with renal hypertension can be helped by angioplasty, stenting, or surgery on the blood vessels of the kidney. Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels and filters in the kidney, making removal of waste from the body difficult. Once a person is diagnosed with end-stage renal diseases, dialysis a blood cleansing process or kidney transplantation are necessary. Kidneys are remarkable organs. Inside them are millions of tiny blood vessels that act as filters. Their job is to remove waste products from the blood. Sometimes this filtering system breaks down.
- Track 9-1Role of hypertension in mortality
- Track 9-2Hypertension- cause of renal diseases in diabetics
- Track 9-3Arterial calcification
- Track 9-4Uric acid and its role in kidney diseases
- Track 9-5Resistant hypertension
- Track 9-6Primary (essential) hypertension
- Track 9-7Secondary hypertension
- Track 9-8Hypertension in high-risk populations
- Track 9-9Refractory hypertension
- Track 9-10Hypertensive emergencies and urgencies
Diabetes can damage the kidneys and cause them to fail. Failing kidneys lose their ability to filter out waste products, resulting in kidney disease. Diabetes can damage this system. High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood. All this extra work is hard on the filters. After many years, they start to leak and useful protein is lost in the urine. Having small amounts of protein in the urine is called micro albuminuria. When kidney disease is diagnosed early, during micro albuminuria, several treatments may keep kidney disease from getting worse. Having larger amounts of protein in the urine is called macro albuminuria. When kidney disease is caught later during macro albuminuria, end-stage renal disease, or ESRD, usually follows. In time, the stress of overwork causes the kidneys to lose their filtering ability. Waste products then start to build up in the blood. Finally, the kidneys fail. This failure, ESRD, is very serious. A person with ESRD needs to have a a kidney transplant or to have the blood filtered by machine (dialysis).
- Track 10-1Diabetic nephropathy
- Track 10-2Diabetic microvascular complications
- Track 10-3Contrast nephropathy, uric acid nephropathy
- Track 10-4Diabetic glomerulosclerosis, igA nephropathy
- Track 10-5Pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy
- Track 10-6HIV associated nephropathy
- Track 10-7Glycemic control
- Track 10-8Diabetic ketoacidosis
The Division of Pediatric Nephrology specializes in the diagnosis and management of children with a variety of acute and chronic kidney-related disorders. The division evaluates and treats hypertension, hematuria, proteinuria, renal tubular acidosis, nephrolithiasis, glomerulonephritis, and kidney failure.
Pediatric Nephritis is clinically and genetically heterogeneous entity characterized by either relapsing and course with significant morbidity and mortality resulting from complications of the disease itself, and its therapy. Pediatric Kidney stones are a group of crystals that are difficult to pass from the body. All essential topics in the field of pediatric nephrology are covered, including anatomy and physiology, renal replacement therapies and kidney transplantation such as Glomerulo Nephritis and some common clinical conditions involving the kidney include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, tubular disorders and pathophysiology of their disorders.
- Track 11-1Comprehensive pediatric nephrology
- Track 11-2Clinical pediatric nephrology
- Track 11-3Pediatric renal failure
- Track 11-4Diagnostic techniques
- Track 11-5Advanced therapies
- Track 11-6Pediatric renal transplantation
- Track 11-7Advances in kidney operation
- Track 11-8Pediatric kidney dialysis
- Track 11-9Pediatric kidney care
- Track 11-10Pediatric kidney failure diet
Many kidney diseases can be treated successfully. Careful control of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure can help prevent kidney disease or keep it from getting worse. Kidney stones and urinary tract infections can usually be treated successfully. Unfortunately, the exact causes of some kidney diseases are still unknown, and specific treatments are not yet available for them. Sometimes, chronic kidney disease may progress to kidney failure, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. Treating high blood pressure with special medications called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors often helps to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease. A great deal of research is being done to find more effective treatment for all conditions that can cause chronic kidney disease.
Our Nephrology Conference 2016 is a remarkable event which brings together a unique and International mix of nephrologists and kidney specialists from leading universities and research institutions making the conference a perfect platform to share experience, foster collaboration across industry and academia, and evaluate emerging technologies across the globe.
- Track 12-1 Nephrology nursing
- Track 12-2Advancements in kidney failure and treatment
- Track 12-3Stages of kidney disease and therapy
- Track 12-4Chronic kidney disease diet
- Track 12-5Nephrology dialysis transplantation
- Track 12-6Geriatric nephrology
- Track 12-7Advancements in reverse kidney
Your doctor will work to slow or control the cause of your kidney disease. Treatment options vary, depending on the cause. Depending on the underlying cause, some types of kidney disease can be treated. Often, though, chronic kidney disease has no cure. In general, treatment consists of measures to help control signs and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow progression of the disease. If your kidneys become severely damaged, you may need treatment for end-stage kidney disease. If your kidneys can't keep up with waste and fluid clearance on their own and you develop complete or near-complete kidney failure, you have End-stage renal disease. At that point, dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed. Since no specific in alternative and Ayurveda medicine for kidney can help treat kidney failure effectively, the best method is to combine them. Immunotherapy, as one great breakthrough in treating end-stage kidney disease, is just a combination of advanced western medical technologies and traditional herbal medicines.
- Track 13-1Pharmacogenomics
- Track 13-2rhGH treatment
- Track 13-3Ab mediated treatment
- Track 13-4Ab mediated treatment
- Track 13-5Ab mediated treatment
- Track 13-6Regenerative medicine treatment
- Track 13-7Transurethral surgery
- Track 13-8Keyhole and robotic surgery
- Track 13-9Keyhole and robotic surgery
- Track 13-10Laparoscopy in the treatment of kidney disorders
Dialysis, the more common form of kidney-replacement therapy, is a way of cleaning the blood with an artificial kidney. There are two types of dialysis: haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
In hemodialysis, an artificial kidney removes waste from the blood. A surgeon must first create an "access," a place where blood can easily be taken from the body and sent to the artificial kidney for cleaning. The access, usually in the forearm, can be made from the patient's own blood vessels or from a piece of implanted tubing. The access is inside the body and cannot be seen from the outside. Usually, this surgery is done 2 to 3 months before dialysis starts so the body has time to heal.
Another form of dialysis is called peritoneal dialysis. The lining inside your abdomen (the peritoneum) becomes the filter. A soft plastic tube is put into the abdomen by a surgeon. The two main types of peritoneal dialysis are continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). People perform CAPD themselves by attaching a plastic bag filled with cleansing fluid to the tube in the abdomen and raising it to shoulder level. In CCPD, a machine puts the cleansing fluid into the abdomen and drains it automatically. This is usually done at night during sleep.
- Track 14-1Hemodialysis
- Track 14-2Peritoneal dialysis
- Track 14-3Dialysis diet
- Track 14-4Dialysis treatment
- Track 14-5Kidney dialysis life expectancy
- Track 14-6Amino acid association in dialysis
- Track 14-7Nutrition in dialysis patients
- Track 14-8Complications in dialysis procedures
- Track 14-9Psychological disparities in renal dialysis patients
- Track 14-10Vascular access in dialysis
- Track 14-11Extracorporeal dialysis: techniques and adequacy
- Track 14-12Epidemiology, outcomes and health services research in dialysis
The urinary tract is the body’s drainage system for removing wastes and extra water. The urinary tract includes two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder, and a urethra.
Ultrasound is used to evaluate a person’s native kidneys (the ones you were born with) as well as transplanted kidneys.
Renal scintigraphy uses small amounts of radioactive materials called radiotracers, a special camera and a computer to evaluate your kidneys’ function and anatomy and determine whether they are working properly
Angiography is the test of choice for the renal hypertension or high blood pressure caused by narrowing of the renal arteries that carry blood to the kidneys. Initial evaluation could be done by the use of ultrasound.
MRI involves a large and powerful magnet. Hydrogen ions in the body are used to obtain pictures of the body parts. But in regard to the kidney, an MRI gives the same information as a CT scan. In the past it was thought that the advantage was that the contrast material called gadolinium, used in an MRI, had no risk of kidney damage. However, gadolinium has now been associated with nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF), a potentially fatal skin disease in people with decreased kidney function. And, in a small fraction of patients, separate from NSF, gandolinium may decrease glomerular filtration rate (GFR), similar to other contrast dyes. Talk to your physician to find out if an angiogram or CT scan would be a better choice than an MRI.
- Track 15-1Urinalysis
- Track 15-2Blood tests
- Track 15-3Kidney biopsy
- Track 15-4Medical ultrasonography
- Track 15-5Computed axial tomography
- Track 15-6Scintigraphy (nuclear medicine)
- Track 15-7Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Track 15-8Recent advancements in renal therapeutics
A kidney transplant is an operation in which a person with kidney failure receives a new kidney. The new kidney takes over the work of cleaning the blood. There are two types of kidney transplants: those that come from living donors and those that come from unrelated donors who have died (non-living donors). A living donor may be someone in your family. It may also be your spouse or close friend. In some cases, it may be a stranger who wishes to donate a kidney to anyone in need of a transplant. There are advantages and disadvantages to both types of kidney transplants.
If you have advanced and permanent kidney failure, kidney transplantation may be the treatment option that allows you to live much like you lived before your kidneys failed. Since the 1950s, when the first kidney transplants were performed, much has been learned about how to prevent rejection and minimize the side effects of medicines. But transplantation is not a cure; it's an on going treatment that requires you to take medicines for the rest of your life. And the wait for a donated kidney can be years long. A successful transplant takes a coordinated effort from your whole health care team, including your nephrologist, transplant surgeon, transplant coordinator, pharmacist, dietician, and social worker. But the most important members of your health care team are you and your family.
- Track 16-1Importance of age
- Track 16-2Complications of kidney transplantation
- Track 16-3Risk factors for acute rejection and strategies to improve results
- Track 16-4Renal replacement therapy
- Track 16-5Renal transplantation- contradictions and requirements
- Track 16-6Immunosuppressant
- Track 16-7Kidney-pancreas transplant
- Track 16-8Renal transplantation in obese patients
- Track 16-9Post-operative diet, rehabilitation and recovery
- Track 16-10Ethical challenges and organ trade
- Track 16-11Microbial infection and diseases
The kidneys’ job is to keep the body’s fluids, electrolytes, and organic solutes in a healthy balance. Their functional units are the million or so nephrons in the renal cortex which filter most constituents of the blood other than red blood cells and protein, reabsorb needed substances, secrete hydrogen ions to maintain acid-base balance, and secrete wastes.
Urine formation consists of three basic processes: glomerular filtration, tubular secretion, and tubular reabsorption. Several disease conditions can interfere with these functions. Inflammatory and degenerative diseases can involve the small blood vessels and membranes in the nephrons. Urinary tract infections and kidney stones can interfere with normal drainage, causing further infection and tissue damage. Circulatory disorders, such as hypertension, can damage the small renal arteries. Other diseases, such as diabetes, gout, and urinary tract abnormalities can lead to impaired function, infection, or obstruction. Toxic agents such as insecticides, solvents, and certain drugs may also harm renal tissue.
- Track 17-1Nutrition therapy
- Track 17-2Hypermetabolism and hypercatabolism
- Track 17-3Immunonutrition
- Track 17-4Refeeding syndrome
- Track 17-5Pre dialysis renal diet
- Track 17-6Renal supplements
- Track 17-7Chronic kidney disease diet
- Track 17-8Loss of kidney function linked to obesity
- Track 17-9Diet with kidney failure
- Track 17-10Metabolic alterations in kidney diseases
- Track 17-11Renal dietitians
Although medicine cannot reverse chronic kidney disease, it is often used to help treat symptoms and complications and to slow further kidney damage. Most people who have chronic kidney disease have problems with high blood pressure at some time during their disease. Medicines that lower blood pressure help to keep it in a target range and stop any more kidney damage. You may need to try several blood pressure medicines before you find the medicine that controls your blood pressure well without bothersome side effects. Most people need to take a combination of medicines to get the best results. Your doctor may order blood tests 3 to 5 days after you start or change your medicines. The tests help your doctor make sure that your medicines are working correctly.
Medicines may be used to treat symptoms and complications of chronic kidney disease. These medicines include:
Erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy and iron replacement therapy (iron pills or intravenous iron) for anemia.
Medicines for electrolyte imbalances.
Diuretics to treat fluid buildup caused by chronic kidney disease.
ACE inhibitors and ARBs. These may be used if you have protein in your urine (proteinuria) or have heart failure. Regular blood tests are required to make sure that these medicines don't raise potassium levels (hyperkalemia) or make kidney function worse.
Both erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy and iron replacement therapy may also be used during dialysis to treat anemia, which often develops in advanced chronic kidney disease.
Erythropoietin (rhEPO) stimulates the production of new red blood cells and may decrease the need for blood transfusions. This therapy may also be started before dialysis is needed, when anemia is severe and causing symptoms.
Iron therapy can help increase levels of iron in the body when rhEPO therapy alone is not effective.
Vitamin D helps keep bones strong and healthy
- Track 18-1ACE inhibitors
- Track 18-2Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Track 18-3Beta-blockers
- Track 18-4Calcium channel blockers
- Track 18-5Direct renin inhibitors
- Track 18-6Diuretics
- Track 18-7Vasodilators
- Track 18-8Alternative and ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of kidney
Nephrology is the medical specialty which focuses on kidney conditions and abnormalities, involving the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy i.e dialysis and kidney transplantation. A Nephrologist, also called a renal physician, is a medical doctor who specializes in diseases and conditions related to human kidneys. In most cases, patients are referred to Nephrologists by other physicians. Though Nephrology is a subspecialty of internal / general medicine, the branch of medicine involved in diagnosing and treating diseases mainly in adults, it also deals with kidney abnormalities in children. Nephrologists diagnose and treat a variety of conditions such as kidney disease, electrolyte disorders, renal failure, high blood pressure and kidney stones. They perform various tests like blood tests, urine tests and biopsies to find out diseases that affect the kidney. Their treatment includes regulation of electrolyte and blood pressure, medication and dialysis. Excluding procedures such as kidney biopsies and catheter placements, they do not do surgery, though they often work closely with urologists who perform medical as well as surgical intervention. Nephrologists must have a solid understanding of nephrology and the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of conditions.
- Track 19-1Nephrologists meeting
- Track 19-2Transplantation meeting
- Track 19-3Kidney doctors meeting
- Track 19-4Kidney surgeons meeting
- Track 19-5Kidney specialist meeting
Entrepreneurs from any field can exhibit their products and can give a presentation on their products which should be helpful in business development and marketing.