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16th International Conference on Nephrology & Therapeutics, will be organized around the theme “Exploring New Innovations and Frontiers in Dialysis & Kidney Care”

Nephrology 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Nephrology 2018

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Dialysis is the process that filters and purifies blood with a machine to substitute normal function of kidneys. Impaired functioning of kidneys leads to accumulation of excess water, impurities and waste products in the body.  Dialysis is generally preferred when kidney are fail to perform its normal function. Acute kidney injury and chronic kidney diseases leads to dialysis. Dialysis removes the waste products, excess salts and other impurities from the blood that are accumulated due to the improper function of renal system.  Dialysis is of two types those are peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis

  • Track 1-1Acute Renal Failure and Dialysis
  • Track 1-2Slow Continuous Therapies
  • Track 1-3Patient Counseling
  • Track 1-4New Technology
  • Track 1-5Meal Planning
  • Track 1-6Intoxications
  • Track 1-7Infection and Dialysis
  • Track 1-8Equipment and Installation
  • Track 1-9Endocrine Dysfunction
  • Track 1-10Dialysis in Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 1-11Dialysis Adequacy
  • Track 1-12Complications
  • Track 1-13Cardiac Disease and Hypertension
  • Track 1-14Basic Training
  • Track 1-15Anemia and Chronic Renal Failure
  • Track 1-16Dialysis Technicians

Acute renal failure, previously called acute kidney injury, is a sudden and unexpected loss of kidney function that develops within a week. Acute renal failure (formerly known as acute kidney injury) is a disease distinguished by the acute loss of the kidney's eliminatory function and is commonly diagnosed through the accumulation of urea and creatinine or reduced urine output, or both. Acute kidney injury may lead to a number of kidney problems, including high potassium levels, metabolic acidosis, changes in body fluid balance, uremia, also effects on other body systems ultimately leads to death. People who have experienced acute kidney injury may have high incidence of chronic kidney disease in the future. Controlling measures includes treatment of the root cause and supportive care, such as kidney transplantation.

  • Track 2-1Acute Kidney Injury–Experimental Models
  • Track 2-2Clinical Studies including Toxic Nephropathy
  • Track 2-3Biomarkers for Acute Kidney Injury
  • Track 2-4Acute Renal Failure–Clinical
  • Track 2-5Acute Kidney Injury-Onco-Nephrology
  • Track 2-6Acute Kidney Injury–Pregnancy
  • Track 2-7Acute Kidney Injury–Update on CRRT, SLED
  • Track 2-8Extracorporeal Therapies – Intoxications

End-stage renal disease also termed as chronic kidney diseases (CKD) comprise conditions that damage kidneys and impair their ability to keep you hygienic by abnormal function. On conditionkidney disease gets worse; wastes can accumulate to high levels in your blood and make you feel ill. You may develop issues like anemia, high blood pressure, weak bones, nerve damage and poor nutritional health. Also, kidney disease elevates your risk of having coronary disease and heart problems. These problems may occur slowly for a long period of time. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two main causes of chronic kidney disease.

  • Track 3-1CKD: Fibrosis and Extracellular Matrix CKD
  • Track 3-2Chronic Kidney Disease–Mesoamerican Nephropathy
  • Track 3-3Bone and Mineral Metabolism, Anemia
  • Track 3-4Epidemiology, Outcomes and Health Service Research in CKD
  • Track 3-5Classification and Progression
  • Track 3-6Chronic Kidney Disease Diagnosis
  • Track 3-7Cardiovascular Complications of CKD
  • Track 3-8Acid Base and Electrolyte Abnormalities
  • Track 3-9CKD Mineral and Bone Disorder
  • Track 3-10Chronic Kidney Disease–Diseases and Drugs

Kidney Transplantation is the way toward putting a solid kidney which assumes control over the work of cleaning blood by performing surgery in patients with kidney failure. It is delegated living contributor transplantation or perished benefactor transplantation on the wellspring of organ of the giver. Kidney transplantation is the decision of treatment when kidneys fall flat alongside hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. kidney transplants are arranged into two sorts: those that originate from living contributors and those that originate from inconsequential givers who have kicked the bucket (non-living donors).Kidney transplant should be possible to patients who : withstand the impacts of surgery, immunosuppressant pharmaceutical, transplant has great shot of accomplishment, medicines after transplantation. Not at all like numerous different sorts of organ gift, it conceivable to give a kidney while you are alive on the grounds that you just need one kidney to survive.

  • Track 4-1Advances in Kidney Transplantation
  • Track 4-2Transplantation – Outcomes
  • Track 4-3Transplantation – Immunosuppression
  • Track 4-4Transplantation – Epidemiology
  • Track 4-5Screening Tests
  • Track 4-6Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Track 4-7Acute Renal Allograft Rejection
  • Track 4-8Post-Transplant Complications
  • Track 4-9Pregnancy after Transplantation
  • Track 4-10Dual Kidney Transplantation
  • Track 4-11Pediatric Renal Transplantation
  • Track 4-12Transplantation Techniques
  • Track 4-13Transplantation – Surgery

Hemodialysis is a process used to filter and purify the blood with a mam made membrane called dialyzer. It is one of the most widely used renal replacement therapy.  In this process an artificial kidney (hemodialyzers) used to filter salts and waste products from the blood. Hemodialysis will be done in three to five hours and three times per week is sufficient. However hemodialysis treatment will be available more frequent and shorter sessions. 

  • Track 6-1Water purification systems in hemodialysis
  • Track 6-2Clinical consequences of hemodialysis membrane biocompatibility
  • Track 6-3Complications of hemodialysis in the older patient
  • Track 6-4Contaminants in water used for hemodialysis
  • Track 6-5Hemodialysis in the older adult
  • Track 6-6Maintaining water quality for hemodialysis
  • Track 6-7Overview of the hemodialysis apparatus
  • Track 6-8Plasmapheresis with hemodialysis equipment
  • Track 6-9Psychiatric illness in dialysis patients
  • Track 6-10Reactions to the hemodialysis membrane
  • Track 6-11Reuse of dialyzers
  • Track 6-12Serum enzymes in patients with renal failure
  • Track 6-13Ultrapure dialysis fluid
  • Track 6-14Biochemical mechanisms involved in blood-hemodialysis membrane interactions

Peritoneal dialysis is the renal replacement therapy used to filter out waste products and purifies blood. Peritoneal dialysis needs a surgical incision at the bottom of the abdomen. Peritoneal dialysis uses the membrane of peritoneum to filter blood instead of man-made membrane or machine. As the peritoneum contains numerous blood vessels like kidney so it mimics the function of kidneys.  Peritoneal dialysis need to be done more frequently then hemodialysis.  Peritoneal dialysis need a solution called dialysate used to carry out the dialysis process.

  • Track 7-1Abdominal hernias in continuous peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-2Peritoneal dialysis solutions
  • Track 7-3Peritoneal equilibration test
  • Track 7-4Placement and maintenance of the peritoneal dialysis catheter
  • Track 7-5Prescribing and assessing adequate peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-6Problems with solute clearance and ultrafiltration in continuous peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-7Rapid transporters on maintenance peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-8Tunnel and peritoneal catheter exit site infections in continuous peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-9Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-10Pathophysiology and prevention of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-11Noninfectious complications of peritoneal dialysis catheters
  • Track 7-12Bloody peritoneal dialysate (hemoperitoneum)
  • Track 7-13Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
  • Track 7-14Continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD)
  • Track 7-15Evaluation of hypervolemia in peritoneal dialysis patients
  • Track 7-16Mechanisms of solute clearance and ultrafiltration in peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-17Microbiology and therapy of peritonitis in continuous peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-18Modalities for the diagnosis of abdominal and thoracic cavity defects in peritoneal dialysis patients
  • Track 7-19Noninfectious complications of continuous peritoneal dialysis
  • Track 7-20Use of peritoneal dialysis for the treatment of acute kidney injury in adults

Patients who are frequently unable to visit dialysis center for renal replacement therapy can do their own dialysis at home. For home dialysis patient or supporting person should learn some basic things for this patient pass the basic training as they have to place needles themselves. Patent should be willing to take the responsibility to own treatment.  Different types of home hemodialysis treatments available. 

  • Track 8-1Conventional home hemodialysis
  • Track 8-2Short daily home hemodialysis
  • Track 8-3Nocturnal home hemodialysis
  • Track 8-4Short daily and nocturnal home hemodialysis
  • Track 8-5New technology
  • Track 8-6Care partner
  • Track 8-7Complications
  • Track 8-8Patient education

Pediatric Nephrology is a specialization in the diagnosis and management of children with different types of acute and chronic kidney-related diseases. The division assesses and treats hypertension, proteinuria, hematuria, renal tubular acidosis, glomerulonephritis, nephrolithiasis, and kidney disorders. Various kidney diseases like pediatric nephritis is clinically and hereditarily heterogeneous substance portrayed by backsliding, and interminable course with noteworthy dreariness and mortality coming about because of intricacies of the sickness itself, and its treatment.

  • Track 9-1Comprehensive Pediatric Nephrology
  • Track 9-2Clinical Pediatric Nephrology
  • Track 9-3Pediatric Renal Failure
  • Track 9-4Diagnostic Techniques
  • Track 9-5Advanced Therapies
  • Track 9-6Pediatric Renal Transplantation
  • Track 9-7Advances in Kidney Operation
  • Track 9-8Pediatric Kidney Dialysis
  • Track 9-9Pediatric Kidney Failure Diet

Vascular access means a vein created surgically to pass the blood outside the body for filter and purifying the blood in renal insufficiency patients.  Vascular access is a surgical procedure involves inserting a plastic catheter in the blood vessel. In dialysis patients the most appropriate site has to be determining for catheter insertion.

The two type of vascular access designed for long-term dialysis treatments are an arteriovenous (AV) fistula, which connects an artery and a vein and an AV graft, which is a looped tube. For short-term use, a catheter may be inserted into the large vein in your neck.

  • Track 10-1Thrombosis associated with chronic hemodialysis vascular catheters
  • Track 10-2Hemodialysis anticoagulation
  • Track 10-3Heart failure and hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulae
  • Track 10-4Failure of the mature hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula
  • Track 10-5Examination of the mature hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula
  • Track 10-6Endovascular intervention for the treatment of stenosis in the arteriovenous access
  • Track 10-7Creating an arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis
  • Track 10-8Clinical monitoring and surveillance of the mature hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula
  • Track 10-9Central vein stenosis associated with hemodialysis access
  • Track 10-10Central catheters for acute and chronic hemodialysis access
  • Track 10-11Arteriovenous graft creation for hemodialysis and its complications
  • Track 10-12Hemodialysis arteriovenous graft dysfunction and failure
  • Track 10-13Maturation and evaluation of the newly created hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula
  • Track 10-14Techniques for angioplasty of the arteriovenous hemodialysis access
  • Track 10-15Secondary hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula
  • Track 10-16Primary failure of the hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula
  • Track 10-17Physical examination of the arteriovenous graft
  • Track 10-18Patient evaluation and vascular mapping prior to placement of hemodialysis arteriovenous access
  • Track 10-19Overview of hemodialysis arteriovenous graft maintenance and thrombosis prevention
  • Track 10-20Overview of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula maintenance and thrombosis prevention
  • Track 10-21Overview of chronic hemodialysis vascular access
  • Track 10-22Nonthrombotic complications of arteriovenous hemodialysis access
  • Track 10-23Monitoring and surveillance of hemodialysis arteriovenous grafts to prevent thrombosis
  • Track 10-24Arteriovenous fistula recirculation in hemodialysis

Kidney cancer (also called renal adenocarcinoma or renal cell cancer) is a disease in which cancer cells are found in the lining of tubules in the kidney. We have two kidneys, behind the peritoneum one on each side of the spinal cord, just above the waist. Small tubules in the kidneys purify the blood. Unabsorbed products formed as urine. The formed urine passes in to bladder through long tube called bladder. The urine stored in bladder until leaves from body through urethra. Kidney cancer perhaps remains clinically occult for most of its course. Immunomodulatory agents and targeted therapy are the standard of care in metastatic disease patients. Kidney cancer: The most common malignant disease affecting kidney is kidney cancer. One of the most common causes for kidney cancer is smoking.

  • Track 11-1Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Track 11-2Types of Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Track 11-3Renal Cell Carcinoma Risk Factors
  • Track 11-4Pathophysiology
  • Track 11-5Treatment and Outcomes
  • Track 11-6Chemotherapy
  • Track 11-7Immunotherapy
  • Track 11-8Targeted Therapy

Under this category includes diseases of the urinary system, prostate gland including the kidneys and bladder. The bladder or urethra usually effected in urinary tract infections, yet more genuine and serious infections include the kidney. A bladder disease may bring about pelvic torment, expanded inclination to urinate, torment with pee and blood in the urine. Renal infection may bring about back agony, sickness, heaving and fever.

  • Track 12-1Kidney and urology
  • Track 12-2Urolithiasis and Endourology
  • Track 12-3Trauma and Reconstruction
  • Track 12-4Transplantation/Vascular Surgery
  • Track 12-5Technology and Instruments
  • Track 12-6Sexual Function and Infertility
  • Track 12-7Prostate cancer
  • Track 12-8Stones in the Urinary Tract
  • Track 12-9Obstruction of the Urinary Tract
  • Track 12-10Disorders of Urination
  • Track 12-11Pyelonephritis
  • Track 12-12Urethritis
  • Track 12-13Oncology: Adrenal, Kidney, Prostate, Bladder, Urothelium and Urethra
  • Track 12-14Pediatric Urology
  • Track 12-15Female Urology
  • Track 12-16Voiding Dysfunction/BPH

Renal or bladder stones are the crystals of such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid. If a kidney stone obstructs in urethra or the ureter, cause hematuria (blood in the urine), constant and severe pain in the back or side, fever, vomiting, or chills. Nephrolithiasis (Kidney stones): Minerals in urine form stones, which may build big enough to block flow of urine. Most kidney stones pass through urine on their own but some kidney stones are too large they cannot pass and should be treated.

Bladder stones are hard masses of minerals in your bladder. Bladder stones create when urine in your bladder gets to be concentrated, bringing about minerals in your urine to take shape. Concentrated, stagnant urine is regularly the aftereffect of not having the capacity to totally exhaust your bladder. On the off chance that bladder stones are sufficiently little, they can go all alone with no detectable indications. In any case, once they get to be bigger, bladder stones can bring about incessant inclinations to urinate, excruciating or troublesome pee and hematuria.

  • Track 13-1Kidney Stones
  • Track 13-2Bladder Stones
  • Track 13-3Treatment
  • Track 13-4Surgery
  • Track 13-5Artificial Kidney
  • Track 13-6Diet for Stones
  • Track 13-7Transplant Research

Renal nutrition is concerned with the special nutritional needs of kidney patients. Renal nutrition is concerned with ensuring that kidney patients eat the right foods to make dialysis efficient and improve health. Dialysis clinics have dieticians on staff that who help patients plan meals. Standard guidelines are: eating more high protein foods, and less high salt, high potassium, and high phosphorus foods. Patients are also advised on safe fluid intake levels.

Most patients on haemodialysis need to adjust their diet. The major change in diet is usually a reduction in foods high in potassium, phosphate and sodium (salt). The dietician will give you individual guidance about how to achieve you dietary needs. Assessment of dietary intake, especially protein, is monitored from time to time to ensure an adequate protein and calorie intake, which is an important part of maintains a good quality of life and good health. However, if you are overweight an attempt to achieve an ideal body weight may be undertaken working within the restrictions of a renal diet.

  • Track 14-1Protein intake in maintenance hemodialysis patients
  • Track 14-2Pathogenesis and treatment of malnutrition in maintenance hemodialysis patients
  • Track 14-3Nutritional status and protein intake in peritoneal dialysis patients
  • Track 14-4Leptin and end-stage renal disease
  • Track 14-5Assessment of nutritional status in hemodialysis patients
  • Track 14-6Nutrition Therapy
  • Track 14-7Fluid Intake
  • Track 14-8Physical Exercise

Nephrology nurses use the nursing process to care for patients of all ages who are experiencing, or are at risk for, kidney disease. Nephrology nursing involves both preventing disease and assessing the health needs of patients and families. Care spans the life cycle and involves patients who are experiencing the real or threatened impact of acute or chronic kidney disease; therefore nephrology nurses must be well-educated, highly skilled, and motivated. These nurses also deal with every organ system in the body, calling for a holistic approach to patient care that is both challenging and rewarding. Driven by technological and educational advances, nephrology nursing continues to be a dynamic field with a wide variety of career opportunities for nurses at all levels.

  • Track 15-1Nephrology Nursing
  • Track 15-2Nursing Management
  • Track 15-3Critical care and Emergency Nursing
  • Track 15-4Clinical Nursing
  • Track 15-5Rehabilitation Nursing
  • Track 15-6Surgical Nursing
  • Track 15-7Pediatric Nursing
  • Track 15-8Kidney Cancer & Tumor Nursing
  • Track 15-9Kidney care nursing
  • Track 15-10Peritoneal Dialysis nursing
  • Track 15-11Hemodialysis nursing
  • Track 15-12Home dialysis nursing
  • Track 15-13Cannulation
  • Track 15-14Dialysis nursing
  • Track 15-15Nurse Practitioner Updates

Various Complications during Dialysis are related to vascular access in patients on hemodialysis and to abdominal catheters in patients using continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). These vascular access complications are similar to those seen in any patient with a vascular surgical procedure (eg, bleeding, local or disseminated intravascular infections, vessel (graft) occlusion). The native peripheral vascular system is also affected with higher rates of amputation and revascularization procedures, and a peritoneal dialysis catheter subjects patients to the risks of peritonitis and local infection, because the catheter acts as a foreign body and provides a portal of entry for pathogens from the external environment 

  • Track 16-1Acute complications during hemodialysis
  • Track 16-2Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome
  • Track 16-3Intradialytic hypotension in an otherwise stable patient
  • Track 16-4Muscle cramps in dialysis patients
  • Track 16-5Seizures in patients undergoing hemodialysis
  • Track 16-6Chronic Pyelonephritis

Glomerular disease reduces the ability of the kidneys to sustain a balance of certain substances in bloodstream. Normally, the kidneys should filter toxins out of the bloodstream and emit them in the urine, but should keep red blood cells and protein in the bloodstream. In individuals with glomerular disease, red blood cells and protein might be excreted into the urine, while toxins may be retained.

Glomerular disease can occur by itself or may be associated with a fundamental medical condition that affects other organ systems, such as lupus nephritis, diabetes, or certain infections. Glomerular disease can develop rapidly or develop gradually over a period of years. Treatment of glomerular disease depends upon its cause and type.

  • Track 17-1Glomerulonephritis
  • Track 17-2Acute Tubular Necrosis
  • Track 17-3Acute Interstitial Nephritis Associated To Drugs
  • Track 17-4Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis
  • Track 17-5Specific Renal Infections
  • Track 17-6Chronic Pyelonephritis
  • Track 17-7Tin Associated With Systemic Infection
  • Track 17-8Acute Infectious Tubulointerstitial Nephritis
  • Track 17-9Acute Pyelonephritis
  • Track 17-10Glomerulopathy
  • Track 17-11Other Tubular Changes

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is result from hereditary factors. In polycystic kidney disease number of cysts develops in the kidney, these cysts gradually replace the mass of kidney. Impairing kidney function and leading to renal failure.

  • Track 18-1Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Track 18-2Fabry Disease
  • Track 18-3Gitelman Syndrome
  • Track 18-4Cystinosis
  • Track 18-5Branchiootorenal Syndrome
  • Track 18-6Papillorenal Syndrome
  • Track 18-7Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome
  • Track 18-8Senior-Løken Syndrome
  • Track 18-9Meckel-Gruber Syndrome
  • Track 18-10Tubulopathy
  • Track 18-11Fraser Syndrome
  • Track 18-12Primary Hyperoxaluria
  • Track 18-13Bardet-Biedl Syndrome
  • Track 18-14Hypercalciuria
  • Track 18-15Cystinuria
  • Track 18-16Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  • Track 18-17Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Track 18-18Cystic Diseases of the Kidney
  • Track 18-19Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Track 18-20Alport Syndrome
  • Track 18-21Medullary Cystic Kidney Disease
  • Track 18-22Nephronophthisis
  • Track 18-23Bartter Syndrome
  • Track 18-24Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Track 18-25Ciliopathy
  • Track 18-26Von Hippel–Lindau Disease
  • Track 18-27Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Track 18-28Renal Agenesis
  • Track 18-29Mineral and Bone Disorder in Chronic Kidney Disease

The mineral and bone metabolism disorders (MBD) are common in patients with chronic kidney disease. Conventionally, these disorders collectively called as renal osteodystrophy. We can see mineral and bone disorders in patients with chronic kidney diseases, Calcium and phosphorus levels in patient’s blood to be out of balance due to imbalance of hormones. This leads to kidney failure and dialysis.

  • Track 19-1Mineral and Bone Disorder in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Track 19-2Treatment with Active Forms of Vitamin D
  • Track 19-3Respiratory Alkalosis

The renal system maintain homeostasis in the body avoiding significant modifications in the balance of fluid electrolyte or acid–base parity until the Glomerular filtration rates reduced to below 25 ml/min because of  a series of versatile changes, both Renal and extra renal. With dynamic decrease in renal capacity these components are overpowered bringing about unsettling influences in water digestion system adding to hypernatremia and hypernatremia. The modified control of sodium transport causes irritated volume status including volume over-burden and exhaustion. The rate of Hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis is more incessant in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) with GFR beneath 10 ml/min. In this survey article we will endeavor to audit the renal and additional renal adjustment components looking after liquid, electrolyte and corrosive base equalization in endless kidney illness alongside variables which cause disappointment of these instruments. The article will likewise highlight the normal liquid electrolyte and corrosive base issue in interminable kidney ailment and their treatment.

  • Track 20-1Disorders of Plasma Osmolality
  • Track 20-2Metabolic Alkalosis
  • Track 20-3Respiratory Acidosis
  • Track 20-4Metabolic Acidosis
  • Track 20-5Physiology of Acid-Base System
  • Track 20-6Disturbances of Plasma Calcium Concentration
  • Track 20-7Disturbances of Plasma Potassium Concentration
  • Track 20-8Disturbances of Plasma Sodium Concentration
  • Track 20-9Hydration in Kidney Disease Prevention
  • Track 20-10Electrolyte Disorders in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Track 20-11Cardiovascular Calcification